F.C.I. (No 332/03-09-1999)
Former Czechoslovakian Republik
DATE OF PUBLICATION
OF THE VALID ORIGINAL STANDARD
Group 1 (Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs)
Section 1 (Sheepdogs with Working Trial)
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
In the year 1955 a biological experiment took place in the CSSR of that time, namely, the crossing of a German Shepherd Dog with a Carpathian wolf. The experiment established that the progeny of the mating of male dog to female wolf as well as that of male wolf to female dog, could be reared. The overwhelming majority of the products of these matings possessed the genetic requirements for continuation of breeding. In the year 1965, after the ending of the experiment, a plan for the breeding of this new breed was worked out. This was to combine the usable qualities of the wolf with the favourable qualities of the dog. In the year 1982, the Czechoslovakian Vlciak, through the general committee of the breeder's associations of the CSSR of that time, was recognized as a national breed.
Firm type in constitution. Above average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movement, coat texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.
Length of body:
Height at Withers: 10 : 9
Length of muzzle:
Length of cranial region: 1 : 1.5
Lively, active, tough, obedient with quick reactions, fearless and courageous. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master. Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his uses.
Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.
Seen from the side and from the front, the forehead is slightly arched. No marked frontal furrow. Occipital bone clearly visible. Stop: Moderate.
- Nose: Oval shape, black.
- Muzzle: Clean, not broad, straight bridge of nose.
- Lips: Tight fitting. No gap at corner of mouth. Rims of lips are black.
- Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strong and symmetrical. Well developed teeth, specially the canines.
- Scissor or pincer bite with 42 teeth according to the usual tooth formation. Regular teeth set.
- Cheeks: Clean, sufficiently muscled, not markedly protruding.
- Eyes: Small, slanting, amber coloured. Close fitting lids.
- Ears: Pricked, thin, triangular, short (i.e. not longer than 1/6th of height at withers);
the lateral point of the set on of the ears and the outer corner of the eyes are in a direct line.
A vertical line from tip of ear would run close along the head.
- Neck: Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle of up to 40 degrees to the horizontal.
The neck must be sufficiently long for the nose to touch the ground effortlessly.
Flowing transition from neck to body. Sloping away slightly.Withers: Well muscled, pronounced. Though pronounced, they must not interrupt the flow of the top line.Back: Firm and straight.Loins: Short, well muscled, not broad, sloping slightly.Croup: Short, well muscled, not broad, falling away slightly.Chest: Symmetrical, well muscled, roomy, pear shaped and narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of chest does not reach to the elbows. The point of the sternum does not extend beyond the shoulder joints.Lower line and belly: Taut belly, tucked up. Slightly hollow in flanks.
TAIL Set on high, hanging straight down. When dog is excited, generally raised up in sickle shape.
The front legs are straight, clean, close together with slightly turned out feet. Shoulders: The shoulder-blade is placed rather far forward, well muscled. It forms an angle of nearly 65 degrees to the horizontal. Upper arm: Strongly muscled, forms an angle of 120 to 130 degrees to the shoulder-blade. Elbows: Close fitting, turned neither in nor out, well defined, flexible. Upperarm and forearm form an angle of approximately 150 degrees.Forearm: Long, clean and straight. The length of the forearm and pastern is 55% of height at withers.Pastern joint: Solid, flexible. Pastern: Long, forms an angle of at least 75 degrees to the ground. Lightly springy in movement. Front feet: Large, turned slightly outwards. Longish arched toes and strong, dark nails. Well defined, elastic, dark pads.
Powerful. The hind legs stand parallel. An imaginary vertical line drawn from the point of the ischium, would run midway through the hock joint. Dew-claws not desirable and should be removed.Upper thigh: Long, well muscled. Forms an angle of 80 degrees to the pelvis. The hip joint is sturdy and flexible.Knee: Strong, flexible.Lower thigh: Long, clean, well muscled. Forms an angle of about 130 degrees with the metatarsus.Hock joint: Clean, solid, flexible.Hocks: Long, clean. Position almost vertical to the ground.Hind feet: Longish, arched toes with strong dark nails. Well defined pads.
Harmonious, light footed, ground covering trot in which the limbs skim over the ground as closely as possible. Head and neck incline to the horizontal. Pacing when walking.
Elastic, tight, without wrinkles, unpigmented.
COAT MAKE UP OF COAT
Straight, close. Winter and summer coat differ greatly. In winter an immense undercoat together with the topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary for the hair to cover the belly, the inside of the upper thigh, the scrotum, the inner part of the ears and the area between the toes. Well coated neck.COLOUR: Yellowish-gray to silver-gray with a characteristic light mask. Light hair also on the underside of the neck and the forechest. Dark gray colour with mask is permissible.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT
Height at Withers: Dogs at least 65 cm. Bitches at least 60 cm.
Weight: Dogs at least 26 kg. Bitches at least 20 kg
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. Heavy or light head. Flat forehead. Missing 2 PM1 or both M3 sould not be consided as a fault. If additionally for missing two PM1 also one M3 is missing or for missing M3 also one PM1 is missing, it should be judged as a fault. Dark brown, black or different coloured eyes. Coarse ear. High or low set on of ear. Neck carried high in repose; low position of neck when standing. Unpronounced withers. Untypical topline. Long croup. Tail long, set on low and not carried correctly. Too little or too much angulation in forequarters. Weak pastern. Too little or too much angulation in hinquarters. Insufficient muscle. Barely pronounced mask. Short wavy movement.
Aggressive or overly shy. Discrepancy in proportions. Faults in deportment and temperament. Untypical head. Missing teeth (beside 2 PM1 and M3, see § FAULTS). Irregular bite. Untypical shape and position of eye. Untypical set on and shape of ears. Dewlap. Strong slope in croup. Untypical ribcage. Tail untypical in set on and carriage. Faulty and untypical position of front legs. Stand-off and untypical coat. Colours other than those in the standard. Slack ligaments. Untypical movement.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.: Male dogs must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.